Friday, 1 December 2017

World Aids Day 2017: HIV patients need love and therapy to survive better


World AIDS Day, pronounced on 1 December every year since 1988, It is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection, and mourning those who have died of the disease. HIV/AIDS is a range of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 

World Aids Day 2017: HIV patients need love and therapy to survive better

It is one of the eight official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO). HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sex (including anal and oral sex), contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Some bodily fluids, such as saliva and tears, do not transfer HIV. Methods of avoidance include safe sex, needle exchange programs, treating those who are infected, and male circumcision.

 It’s a kind of a virus that can damage your immune system and makes it difficult for the patient to fight infection and disease. AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. This term is used to relate a variety of threatening illnesses that happen when your immune system has been weakened by HIV.

Treatments for HIV have improved immensely in recent years, and close to 21 million people worldwide are now being treated with antiretroviral therapy. Yet to end the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat, minimising drug resistance will be one part of the response. Our findings show the importance of improving how we monitor drug resistance, and suggest we should review which drugs are included in first-line therapies," said the study's lead author, Professor Ravindra Gupta (UCL Infection & Immunity).

HIV/AIDS has had a great effect on society, both as an illness and as a source of intolerance. The disease also has large economic impacts. There are many misconceptions about HIV/AIDS such as the belief that it can be transmitted by casual non-sexual contact. The disease has become subject to many controversies involving religion including the Catholic Church's position not to support condom use as prevention.

The patient should be well aware and educated about the basics of HIV infection so that he doesn’t transmit it to other people. There should be sufficient treatment for the patients to deal with the condition. Therapy can go on safely slowly and calmly where sufficient time is taken for patient education may well result in improved decision making and medication adherence.

"If we are to combat HIV drug resistance, we must ensure countries can do a good job in monitoring and responding to it when needed," said co-author Dr Silvia Bertagnolio of the World Health Organization. "New WHO guidelines and a global action plan aim to help make this happen."
WHO's guidelines on pre-treatment HIV drug resistance recommend that countries switch to more robust first-line treatment when levels of resistance reach 10%. The five-year Global Action Plan calls on all countries and partners to join efforts to prevent, monitor and respond to HIV drug resistance and to protect the ongoing progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
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